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2019考研英语每日一句第152句

作者: 来源:启道考研 日期:2018年9月5日 点击:

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  第一百五十二句

  Although the Environmentally Sensitive Area is extremely popular with the American public, it has long been a bogeyman of special interest groups – especially the mining industry, oil and gas extractors, timber companies and ranchers. The reason is simple: in some cases, protecting species requires limiting activities that are putting those species at risk.

  思考题:

  The word“ bogeyman”most probably means ________.

  (A) frightening matter

  (B) favorite place

  (C) endangered specie

  (D) celebrating event

  第一句:

  Although the Environmentally Sensitive Area is extremely popular with the American public, it has long been a bogeyman of special interest groups – especially the mining industry, oil and gas extractors, timber companies and ranchers.

  切分:

  1.Although the Environmentally Sensitive Area is extremely popular with the American public,

  2. it has long been a bogeyman of special interest groups

  3. especially the mining industry, oil and gas extractors, timber companies and ranchers.

  参考译文:虽然环境敏感区在美国公众中非常受欢迎, 但它对特殊利益集团(尤其是矿业、石油天然气开发商、木材公司和牧场主)来说却是“可怕的妖孽”。

  第二句:

  The reason is simple: in some cases, protecting species requires limiting activities that are putting those species at risk.

  切分:

  1. The reason is simple:

  2. in some cases, protecting species requires limiting activities

  3. that are putting those species at risk.

  参考译文:原因很简单:有时候保护物种需要限制那些会让它们涉险的活动。

  词汇题就是填空题:

  第一句(结果):

  Environmentally Sensitive Area has long been a ________of special interest groups – especially the mining industry, oil and gas extractors, timber companies and ranchers.

  第二句(原因):

  The reason is simple: in some cases, protecting species requires limiting activities that are putting those species at risk.

  (原因很简单,在某些情况下,保护物种要求限制哪些使物种处于风险中的行为。)

  已知原因求结果!

  ESA 长期以来是利益集团的____________

  (A) frightening matter (令人恐惧的事情)

  (B) favorite place (最喜欢的地方)

  (C) endangered specie(受到危害的物种)

  (D) celebrating event(庆祝的事件)

  这些利益集团包括:the mining industry, (矿业)

  oil and gas extractors,(油气开采) timber companies (木业)and ranchers.(农场)

  这些集团的行动往往会危及很多物种。

  四个选项,带入空格,符合两句因果关系的只有(A) frightening matter (令人恐惧的事情)

  来感受一下真题中因果关系:

  The company provoked justified outrage in Vermont last week when it announced it was reneging on a longstanding commitment to abide by the state’s strict nuclear regulations.

  26.The phrase “reneging on” (Line 3, Paragraph 1) is closest in meaning to .

  [A]condemning(谴责)

  [B]reaffirming(确认)

  [C]dishonoring(违背)

  [D]securing(确保)

  The company provoked justified outrage in Vermont last week/ when it announced it was reneging on a longstanding commitment to abide by the state’s strict nuclear regulations.

  (when 表示原因,已知结果找原因)

  结果:公司引发了正义的愤怒;

  原因:公司______承诺;

  只有违背了(dishonoring)承诺才会有引起正义的愤怒这一结果!

  所以答案为C!

  真题链接:

  Dr. Worm acknowledges that these figures are conservative. One reason for this is that fishing technology has improved.

  By saying "these figures are conservative" (Line 1, paragraph 3), Dr. Worm means that ________.

  [A] fishing technology has improved rapidly

  [B] the catch-sizes are actually smaller than recorded

  [C] the marine biomass has suffered a greater loss

  [D] the data collected so far are out of date

  想想选哪个!

  明天的句子:

  Do you remember all those years when scientists argued that smoking would kill us but the doubters insisted that we didn’t know for sure? That the evidence was inconclusive, the science uncertain? That the antismoking lobby was out to destroy our way of life and the government should stay out of the way? Lots of Americans bought that nonsense, and over three decades, some 10 million smokers went to early graves.

  思考题:

  An argument made by supporters of smoking was that ________.

  [A] there was no scientific evidence of the correlation between smoking and death

  [B] the number of early deaths of smokers in the past decades was insignificant

  [C] people had the freedom to choose their own way of life

  [D] antismoking people were usually talking nonsense

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