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2019考研英语每日一句第151句

作者: 来源:启道考研 日期:2018年9月5日 点击:

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  第一百五十一句

  But we also must reject educational systems that, behind a supposed commitment to equity, quietly perpetuate the status quo. Instead of focusing on who from the margins is able to get in, we would do better to direct our attention to the fundamental ways selective admissions and educational institutions maintain the privileges of whiteness.

  思考题:

  According to the text, what we should do when facing the educational issue?

  (A) we should cement the status quo to reject educational systems.

  (B) we should get those marginalized to the educational institutions.

  (C) we should focus on the fundamental change of educational systems.

  (D) we should maintain the selective admissions and privileges of whiteness.

  词汇突破:

  1.sopposed 声称的

  2. commitment to equity 对于公平的承诺

  3. perpetuate the status quo 固化现状 cement= perpetuate

  4.people from margins 边缘人群,弱势群体

  5. direct our attention to 把我们的注意力集中到…

  6. selective admissions 有选择性的招生方式

  第一句:

  But we also must reject educational systems that, behind a supposed commitment to equity, quietly perpetuate the status quo.

  切分:

  1. But we also must reject educational systems

  2. that, behind a supposed commitment to equity, quietly perpetuate the status quo.

  That= educational systems

  参考译文:但是我们同样应该抵制这样的教育系统:一边声称遵守公平,一边背后悄悄地固化现状

  第二句:

  Instead of focusing on who from the margins is able to get in, we would do better to direct our attention to the fundamental ways selective admissions and educational institutions maintain the privileges of whiteness.

  切分:

  1.Instead of focusing on who from the margins is able to get in,

  2.we would do better to direct our attention to the fundamental ways

  3.(that)selective admissions and educational institutions maintain the privileges of whiteness.

  (同位语从句解释前面的ways,解释这些方式是用来做什么的。)

  参考译文:我们不用关注哪些来自弱势群体的人能进入(精英学校),我们最 好把注意力集中到这些根本性的方式上:有选择性的招生方式和教育机构在维持着白人的特权。

  思考题:

  According to the text, what we should do when facing the educational issue?

  面对教育问题的时候,我们应该做什么?

  (A) we should cement the status quo to reject educational systems.

  我们应该固化现状来拒绝教育系统

  (原文:我们应该反对哪些固化现状的教育系统 ,所以该选项不对。)

  (B) we should get those marginalized to the educational institutions.

  我们应该使哪些教育机构边缘化

  (有文中出现的元素但是整体语义在文中没有体现。)

  (C) we should focus on the fundamental change of educational systems.

  我们应该关注教育系统的根本变化

  (模糊替换,对应最后一句!我们应该关注根本性的方式=关注教育系统得根本性的变化。)

  如果你对这个替换有意见,我就只能说,其他三个选项错的太离谱了,所以这个选项正确!

  (D) we should maintain the selective admissions and privileges of whiteness.

  我们应该维持选择性的招生系统和白人的特权。

  (偷换!这是一定不对的选项)

  明天的句子:

  Although the Environmentally Sensitive Area is extremely popular with the American public, it has long been a bogeyman of special interest groups – especially the mining industry, oil and gas extractors, timber companies and ranchers. The reason is simple: in some cases, protecting species requires limiting activities that are putting those species at risk.

  思考题:

  The word“ bogeyman”most probably means ________.

  (A) frightening matter

  (B) favorite place

  (C) endangered specie

  (D) celebrating event

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